John Hauser
More than fifty years after Israel captured the West Bank from Jordan in 1967, Jared Kushner and Donald Trump have driven the last nails into any hopes for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. We now know there will be only a single state, Israel, where a 48% minority of the population that is Jewish (6.9 million) reserves all control to themselves, curtailing the rights of the 52% non-Jewish majority (over 7 million, including the Gaza Strip ghetto). Within the new borders of Israel, only Jews will be guaranteed citizenship, property rights, freedom of movement, democratic participation, or basic equal protection under the law. Such luxuries are today routinely denied to non-Jewish residents of the West Bank, and there are no intentions for these policies to change once the West Bank is officially absorbed.
    Right-wing Israelis may be celebrating a victory for their Lebensraum, but the new Israeli apartheid is not a recipe for long-term peace. Can the contradictions of a non-democratic, barely-Jewish-majority Israel be sustained? Or will we see increased demands for more evictions of non-Jews?

Pictures of History - Ostia

Ostia was a town connected to the port of Rome during the time of the Roman Empire. The Mediterranean Sea was the main highway of the Roman world, yet Rome is located on the Tiber River almost 40 kilometers inland from the sea. Ostia grew up where the Tiber empties into the Mediterranean, a natural place of arrival and departure for ships. During the early days of the Roman Empire an artificial harbor--the Roman port--was built nearby, and was later expanded.

When Rome fell, Ostia and the port were also attacked. Afterwards, Ostia lost its importance and was gradually deserted. Though never completely lost like Pompeii, much of Ostia remained hidden until excavated in the twentieth century. Most of the ruins visible today date from the late Roman Empire.

Overviews  (3 images)
Public areas  (9)
Streets and businesses  (6)
Baths of the Seven Sages  (6)
House of the Charioteers  (7)
Marble and mosaics  (9)

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Related sites

The Internet Group Ostia's premier Ostia Web site.
Photographs of Ostia at the Maecenas Web site.
A walkthrough of Ostia from In Italy Online.

John Hauser, 2003 May 12